HTML is a markup language that was created with the purpose of displaying documents in the form of
web-pages. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.
An example of a use of markup is a word-processing application. In a word-processing document, there is a page of text. Some of the text might be in bold, italics, or of different sizes to other sections. To display this on the screen, or when printed, the document includes markup, which tells the program when each section starts and ends - for example - 'begin some bold text here' and 'end some bold text here.' This information isn't seen by the user, but controls how the document is displayed.
HTML works in the same way, using opening and closing instructions, which instruct the browser how to render, or display, the document. Much of HTML is relatively easy to learn, as many of the 'tags' it uses are easy to understand. For example, font color="red" should be straightforward enough to understand, even to people not familiar with HTML.
HTML isn't a programming language as such - it doesn't need compiling or any special software to make it. It's easy to pick up the basics in a short time.
In the next section, we will examine what HTML can and can't do.
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